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2011 Georgia Department of Natural Resources (GADNR) Environmental Protection Division (EPD) Lidar: Four Counties (Burke, Columbia, Lincoln, and Richmond)
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    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  2011 Georgia Department of Natural Resources (GADNR) Environmental Protection Division (EPD) Lidar: Four Counties (Burke, Columbia, Lincoln, and Richmond)
            alternateTitle:  ga2011_fourcounty_m1389_metadata
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2012-09
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                    title:  NOAA/NMFS/EDM
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                code:
                  Anchor:  InPort Catalog ID 48181
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                        linkage: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/48181
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        abstract:  This data set is the topographic elevation point data derived from multiple return light detection and ranging (LiDAR) measurements for four counties in Georgia. These counties are: Burke, Columbia, Lincoln, and Richmond. The Statement of Work (SOW) was developed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) Office for Coastal Management (referred to as the Center) in partnership with the Georgia Department of Natural Resources (GADNR) Environmental Protection Division (EPD). LiDAR data is a remotely sensed high resolution elevation data collected by an airborne platform. The LiDAR sensor uses a combination of laser range finding, GPS positioning, and inertial measurement technologies. The LiDAR systems collect data point clouds that are used to produce highly detailed Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) of the earth's terrain, man-made structures, and vegetation. The LiDAR data acquisition and processing for Burke, Lincoln, and Richmond County was performed in the Winter of 2011. The LiDAR data was provided to NOAA OCM, as part of the 4 GA Counties of Elevation Data task order. The 4 GA Counties of Elevation Data task order AOI encompassed approximately 1,739 square miles. The area of interest acquired and processed for Burke, Lincoln, and Richmond County is approximately 1,386 square miles. The task order required the LiDAR data to be collected at a nominal pulse spacing (NPS) of 1.0 meter. The LiDAR data was collected to meet Fundamental Vertical Accuracy (FVA) Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) of 18.0 cm or better at a 95% confidence level, so that when combined with breaklines, the data adequately supports the generation of two (2) foot FEMA compliant contours. The final LiDAR data was delivered in 5,000' x 5,000' tiles using North American Datum 1983, Georgia State Plane Coordinate System, East Zone, and expressed in US Survey Feet. For data storage and Digital Coast provisioning purposes, the NOAA OCM converted the data to geographic coordinates and ellipsoid heights in meters. Special Note: Temporal changes of water levels will be observed in any data from Richmond and Lincoln counties overlapping any previously delivered data from Columbia County. The final products include full classified LAS, hydrologically flattened four (4) foot pixel raster DEM's of the bare earth surface in ESRI Floating Point Grid Format (ArcGRID DEMs), and hydrologically flattened breaklines. The data were collected on the following dates: Burke and Richmond Counties: December 13, 14, 17, 2011 Columbia County February 26, 2011 Lincoln County December 18, 2011 The data contains las points with the following classifications: Class 0 No Classification Class 2 Ground Class 7 Low Point (Noise) Class 9 Water Class 10 Land below sea level Class 12 Overlap Original contact information: Contact Org: NOAA Office for Coastal Management Phone: 843-740-1202 Email: coastal.info@noaa.gov This data set is an LAZ (compressed LAS) format file containing LIDAR point cloud data.
        purpose:  The purpose of this data is for use in coastal management decision making, including applications such as flood mapping, hydrologic modeling, risk map analysis, and water rights management.
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) completed
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  (843) 740-1202
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave
                    city:  Charleston
                    administrativeArea:  SC
                    postalCode:  29405-2413
                    country: (missing)
                    electronicMailAddress:  coastal.info@noaa.gov
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                    linkage: https://coast.noaa.gov
                    protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                    name:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management Website
                    description:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management Home Page
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
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                    deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave
                    city:  Charleston
                    administrativeArea:  SC
                    postalCode:  29405-2413
                    country: (missing)
                    electronicMailAddress:  coastal.info@noaa.gov
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                    linkage: https://coast.noaa.gov
                    protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                    name:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management Website
                    description:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management Home Page
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            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        resourceMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
            maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        graphicOverview:  (MD_BrowseGraphic)
            fileName: https://noaa-nos-coastal-lidar-pds.s3.amazonaws.com/laz/geoid18/1389/supplemental/2011_GADNR_Burke_Columbia_Lincoln_Richmond_Counties_Lidar.kmz
            fileDescription:  This graphic shows the lidar coverage for the four Georgia counties in this data set.
            fileType:  kmz
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > TOPOGRAPHY > TERRAIN ELEVATION > TOPOGRAPHICAL RELIEF MAPS
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > BATHYMETRY/SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY > SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > COASTAL ELEVATION
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
                date: (missing)
                edition:  12.3
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > GEORGIA
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
                date: (missing)
                edition:  12.3
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NOS/OCM > Office of Coastal Management, National Ocean Service, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) dataCentre
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2017-04-24
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.5
                citedResponsibleParty:  GCMD Landing Page
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Lidar
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) project
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                title:  InPort
                date: (inapplicable)
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Cite As: Office for Coastal Management, [Date of Access]: 2011 Georgia Department of Natural Resources (GADNR) Environmental Protection Division (EPD) Lidar: Four Counties (Burke, Columbia, Lincoln, and Richmond) [Data Date Range], https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/48181.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_Constraints)
            useLimitation:  NOAA provides no warranty, nor accepts any liability occurring from any incomplete, incorrect, or misleading data, or from any incorrect, incomplete, or misleading use of the data. It is the responsibility of the user to determine whether or not the data is suitable for the intended purpose.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Access Constraints: None | Use Constraints: None, however, users should be aware that temporal changes may have occurred since this data set was collected and that some parts of the data may no longer represent actual surface conditions. Users should not use the data for critical applications without a full awareness of its limitations. | Distribution Liability: Any conclusions drawn from the analysis of this information are not the responsibility of the GADNR, the Office for Coastal Management or its partners.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_SecurityConstraints)
            classification:  (MD_ClassificationCode) unclassified
            classificationSystem:  Unclassified
            handlingDescription:  Unclassified
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
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                title:  NOAA Data Management Plan (DMP)
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                    code:  48181
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                            linkage: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inportserve/waf/noaa/nos/ocm/dmp/pdf/48181.pdf
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                            name:  NOAA Data Management Plan (DMP)
                            description:  NOAA Data Management Plan for this record on InPort.
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            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
        spatialRepresentationType:  (MD_SpatialRepresentationTypeCode) vector
        language:  eng; US
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) elevation
        environmentDescription:  Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 3; TerraSolid LTD: Terrascan Version 010.018
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -82.641278
                eastBoundLongitude:  -81.540949
                southBoundLatitude:  32.797092
                northBoundLatitude:  33.982767
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimeInstant:
                    description:   | Currentness: Ground Condition
                    timePosition:  2011-02-26
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimeInstant:
                    description:   | Currentness: Ground Condition
                    timePosition:  2011-12-13
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimeInstant:
                    description:   | Currentness: Ground Condition
                    timePosition:  2011-12-14
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimeInstant:
                    description:   | Currentness: Ground Condition
                    timePosition:  2011-12-17
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimeInstant:
                    description:   | Currentness: Ground Condition
                    timePosition:  2011-12-18
        supplementalInformation:  The Lidar Report for this data set may be viewed at: https://noaa-nos-coastal-lidar-pds.s3.amazonaws.com/laz/geoid18/1389/supplemental/4GACountiesofElevation_NOAA_Final_Report_Jun2012.pdf A footprint of this data set may be viewed in Google Earth at: https://noaa-nos-coastal-lidar-pds.s3.amazonaws.com/laz/geoid18/1389/supplemental/2011_GADNR_Burke_Columbia_Lincoln_Richmond_Counties_Lidar.kmz
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        complianceCode:  false
        language:
          LanguageCode:  eng
        includedWithDataset:  false
        featureCatalogueCitation:  https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/49297 (CI_Citation)
            title:  LAS 1.2 Full Class
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2022-03-16
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  (843) 740-1202
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave
                        city:  Charleston
                        administrativeArea:  SC
                        postalCode:  29405-2413
                        country: (missing)
                        electronicMailAddress:  coastal.info@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://coast.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                        name:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management Website
                        description:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management Home Page
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        transferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://coast.noaa.gov/dataviewer/#/lidar/search/where:ID=1389
                protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                name:  Customized Download
                description:  Create custom data files by choosing data area, product type, map projection, file format, datum, etc.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
        transferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://noaa-nos-coastal-lidar-pds.s3.amazonaws.com/laz/geoid18/1389/index.html
                protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                name:  Bulk Download
                description:  Simple download of data files.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        report:  (DQ_QuantitativeAttributeAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Accuracy
            evaluationMethodDescription:  The LiDAR collected for this task order was collected to meet a Fundamental Vertical Accuracy (FVA) of NSSDA RMSEZ = 18 cm (NSSDA AccuracyZ 95% = 36cm) or better; assessment procedures to comply with FEMA guidelines. | Quantitative Value: 18 cm RMSE | Quantitative Test Explanation: Points measured will produce an error less than 18.0 cm RMSE.
            result: (missing)
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Horizontal Positional Accuracy
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Horizontal accuracy is plus or minus 4 ft (1.21 m) at the 95% confidence level using RMSE(r) x 1.9600 as defined by the FGDC Geospatial Positional Accuracy Standards, Part 3: NSSDA. ; Quantitative Value: 1.21 meters, Test that produced the value: LiDAR system calibration is available in the project report.
            result: (missing)
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Vertical Positional Accuracy
            evaluationMethodDescription:  The data collected under this Task Order meets the National Standard for Spatial Database Accuracy (NSSDA) accuracy standards. The NSSDA standards specify that vertical accuracy be reported at the 95 percent confidence level for data tested by an independent source of higher accuracy. (http://www.fgdc.gov/standards/projects/FGDC-standards-projects/accuracy/part3/index_html). For Burke, Richmond, and Lincoln Counties, the Fundamental Vertical Accuracy (FVA) tested 6 cm (0.197 ft) RMSE at 95% confidence level. For Columbia County, the Fundamental Vertical Accuracy (FVA) tested 5.4 cm (0.179 ft) RMSE at 95% confidence level.
            result: (missing)
        report:  (DQ_CompletenessCommission)
            nameOfMeasure:  Completeness Measure
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Cloud Cover: 0
            result: (missing)
        report:  (DQ_CompletenessCommission)
            nameOfMeasure:  Completeness Report
            evaluationMethodDescription:  The LiDAR data is visually inspected for completeness to ensure that are no gaps between flight lines.
            result: (missing)
        report:  (DQ_ConceptualConsistency)
            nameOfMeasure:  Conceptual Consistency
            evaluationMethodDescription:  All formatted data are validated using commercial GIS software to ensure proper formatting and loading prior to delivery.
            result: (missing)
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            statement: (missing)
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  Using a Leica LiDAR system, 100 flight lines of high density data, at a nominal pulse spacing (NPS) of 1.0 meter, were collected over Burke, Lincoln and Richmond Counties, GA (approximately 1,386 square miles). Multiple returns were recorded for each laser pulse along with an intensity value for each return. A total of six (6) missions were flown on December 13, 14, 17, and 18 in 2011. The geoid used to reduce satellite derived elevations to orthometric heights was Geoid09. The horizontal datum used for this survey is North American Datum 1983, Georgia State Plane Coordinate System, East Zone, and expressed in US Survey Feet. The vertical datum used for this survey is North American Vertical Datum 1988 (NAVD88), and expressed in US Survey Feet. Airborne GPS data was differentially processed and integrated with the post processed IMU data to derive a smoothed best estimate of trajectory (SBET). The SBET was used to reduce the LiDAR slant range measurements to a raw reflective surface for each flight line. System Parameters: Type of Scanner = Leica Data Acquisition Height = 6,500-feet AGL Scanner Field of View = 40 degrees The Scan Frequency = 41.8 Hertz Pulse Repetition Rate - 115.6 Kilohertz Aircraft Speed = 130 Knots Swath Width = 4,732-feet Number of Returns Per Pulse = Maximum of 4 Distance Between Flight Lines = 3,289-feet
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2011-12-13T00:00:00
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  The Leica ALS50/60 LiDAR systems calibration and performance is verified on a periodic basis using Woolpert's calibration range. The calibration range consists of a large building and runway. The edges of the building and control points along the runway have been located using conventional survey methods. Inertial measurement unit (IMU) misalignment angles and horizontal accuracy are calculated by comparing the position of the building edges between opposing flight lines. The scanner scale factor and vertical accuracy is calculated through comparison of LiDAR data against control points along the runway. Field calibration is performed on all flight lines to refine the IMU misalignment angles. IMU misalignment angles are calculated from the relative displacement of features within the overlap region of adjacent (and opposing) flight lines. The raw LiDAR data is reduced using the refined misalignment angles.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2011-12-13T00:00:00
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  Once the data acquisition and GPS processing phases are complete, the LiDAR data was processed immediately to verify the coverage had no voids. The GPS and IMU data was post processed using differential and Kalman filter algorithms to derive a best estimate of trajectory. The quality of the solution was verified to be consistent with the accuracy requirements of the task order.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2011-12-18T00:00:00
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  The individual flight lines were inspected to ensure the systematic and residual errors have been identified and removed. Then, the flight lines were compared to adjacent flight lines for any mismatches to obtain a homogenous coverage throughout the project area. The point cloud underwent a classification process to determine bare-earth points and non-ground points utilizing "first and only" as well as "last of many" LiDAR returns. This process determined bare-earth points (Class 2), noise (Class 7), water (Class 9) ignored ground (Class 10), unclassified data (Class 1), and overlap points (Class 12). The bare-earth (Class 2 - Ground) LiDAR points underwent a manual QA/QC step to verify that artifacts have been removed from the bare-earth surface. The surveyed ground control points are used to perform the accuracy checks and statistical analysis of the LiDAR dataset.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2011-12-19T00:00:00
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  Breaklines defining lakes, greater than two acres, and double-line streams, wider than 100 feet (30.5 meters), were compiled using digital photogrammetric techniques as part of the hydrographic flattening process and provided as a geodatabase containing ESRI Polyline Z and Polygon Z feature classes. Breaklines defining water bodies and streams were compiled for this task order. The breaklines were used to perform the hydrologic flattening of water bodies, and gradient hydrologic flattening of double line streams. Lakes, reservoirs and ponds, at a nominal minimum size of two (2) acres or greater, were compiled as closed polygons. The closed water bodies were collected at a constant elevation. Rivers and streams, at a nominal minimum width of 100 feet (30.5 meters), were compiled in the direction of flow with both sides of the stream maintaining an equal gradient elevation. The hydrologic flattening of the LiDAR data was performed for inclusion in the National Elevation Dataset (NED). For this specific project, NOAA requested that Woolpert define the Strom Thurmond Reservoir using a contour set to match the water level used for the portion of the reservoir located in Columbia County. This elevation is 323.55 survey feet. The Columbia county data was acquired several months prior to the Burke, Richmond, and Lincoln Counties. Due to this, the water levels in the reservoir were different. Woolpert set the contour to 325.55 survey feet and classified the las and produced the required products using the contour derived Strom Thurmond Reservoir.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2012-01-12T00:00:00
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  The NOAA Office for Coastal Management (OCM) received the files in las format. The files contained lidar elevation and intensity measurements. The data were in State Plane projection (NAD83, Georgia East), and vertically referenced to NAVD88 using the Geoid 09 model. Both horizontal and vertical units were in survey feet. OCM performed the following processing for data storage and Digital Coast provisioning purposes: 1. The data were converted from Georgia State Plane coordinates to geographic (NAD83) coordinates. 2. The data were converted from orthometric (NAVD88) heights to ellipsoidal heights (GRS80) using Geoid09. 3. The data were converted from vertical units of survey feet to meters. 4. Elevation outliers were removed.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2012-08-01T00:00:00
            source:  (LI_Source)
                description:  Source Contribution: The LiDAR data collected for this task order. | Source Geospatial Form: vector digital data | Type of Source Media: disc
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  4 GA Counties of Elevation Data
                    date:  (CI_Date)
                        date:  2011-02-10
                        dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimeInstant:
                            timePosition:  2011-12-13
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:   The vertical values in this data set have been converted to reference North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88) (GEOID18) meters, using the GEOID18 grids provided by the National Geodetic Survey. Any datum and projection transformations were then done with the Office for Coastal Management 'datum_shift' program. Compression to an LAZ file was done with the LAStools 'laszip' program and can be unzipped with the same free program (laszip.org) Processing notes:
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2022-04-01T05:24:54
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            electronicMailAddress:  coastal.info@noaa.gov
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor