spatialRepresentationInfo
referenceSystemInfo
referenceSystemInfo
referenceSystemInfo
identificationInfo
distributionInfo
dataQualityInfo

2014 Horry County, South Carolina Lidar
 (MI_Metadata)
    fileIdentifier:  gov.noaa.nmfs.inport:48216
    language:
      LanguageCode:  eng
    characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) UTF8
    hierarchyLevel:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
    contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
        organisationName:  Office for Coastal Management
        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                voice: (missing)
            address:  (CI_Address)
        role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
    contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
        organisationName:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management
        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                voice:  (843) 740-1202
            address:  (CI_Address)
                deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave
                city:  Charleston
                administrativeArea:  SC
                postalCode:  29405-2413
                country: (missing)
                electronicMailAddress:  coastal.info@noaa.gov
            onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://coast.noaa.gov
                protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                name:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management Website
                description:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management Home Page
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
        role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
    dateStamp:
      DateTime:  2022-03-29T00:00:00
    metadataStandardName:  ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata Part 2 Extensions for imagery and gridded data
    metadataStandardVersion:  ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
return to top
    spatialRepresentationInfo:
return to top
    referenceSystemInfo:
return to top
      referenceSystemInfo:  (MD_ReferenceSystem)
          referenceSystemIdentifier:  (RS_Identifier)
              authority:  (CI_Citation)
                  title:  NAD83(2011)
                  date:  (CI_Date)
                      date:  2008-11-12
                      dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                  citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                      organisationName:  European Petroleum Survey Group
                      contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                          onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                              linkage: https://apps.epsg.org/api/v1/CoordRefSystem/6318/export/?format=gml
                      role: (missing)
              code:  urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG:6318
              version:  6.18.3
return to top
      referenceSystemInfo:  (MD_ReferenceSystem)
          referenceSystemIdentifier:  (RS_Identifier)
              authority:  (CI_Citation)
                  title:  North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88) (GEOID18) meters
                  alternateTitle:  North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88) (GEOID18) meters
                  citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                      organisationName: (withheld)
                      contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                          onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                              linkage: https://apps.epsg.org/api/v1/VerticalCoordRefSystem/5703/?api_key=gml
                              name:  North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88) (GEOID18) meters
                              description:  Link to Geographic Markup Language (GML) description of reference system.
                              function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                      role:  (CI_RoleCode) resourceProvider
                  citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                      organisationName:  European Petroleum Survey Group
                      contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                          onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                              linkage: https://www.epsg.org/
                              name:  European Petroleum Survey Group Geodetic Parameter Registry
                              description:  Registry that accesses the EPSG Geodetic Parameter Dataset, which is a structured dataset of Coordinate Reference Systems and Coordinate Transformations.
                              function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) search
                      role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                  VerticalCS:
                    metaDataProperty:
                      CommonMetaData:
                        type:  vertical
                        informationSource:  OGP
                        revisionDate:  2006-11-28
                        isDeprecated:  false
                    identifier:  urn:ogc:def:cs:EPSG::6499
                    name:  Vertical CS. Axis: height (H). Orientation: up. UoM: meter.
                    remarks:  Used in vertical coordinate reference systems.
                    axis:
                      CoordinateSystemAxis:
                        descriptionReference:  urn:ogc:def:axis-name:EPSG::9904
                        identifier:  urn:ogc:def:axis:EPSG::114
                        axisAbbrev:  H
                        axisDirection:  up
              code:  urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::5703
return to top
    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  2014 Horry County, South Carolina Lidar
            alternateTitle:  sc2014_horry_m4814_metadata
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2016-01-15
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                authority:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  NOAA/NMFS/EDM
                    date: (inapplicable)
                code:
                  Anchor:  InPort Catalog ID 48216
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName: (inapplicable)
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/48216
                        protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                        name:  Full Metadata Record
                        description:  View the complete metadata record on InPort for more information about this dataset.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                role: (inapplicable)
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName: (inapplicable)
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://coast.noaa.gov/dataviewer
                        protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                        name:   Citation URL
                        description:  Online Resource
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                role: (inapplicable)
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName: (inapplicable)
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://coast.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                        name:   Citation URL
                        description:  Online Resource
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                role: (inapplicable)
        abstract:  This data set is comprised of lidar point cloud data. This project required lidar data to be acquired over Horry County, South Carolina. The total area of the Horry County Elevation Data and Imagery AOI is approximately 1092 square miles. Lidar data was collected and processed to meet the requirements of the project task order. The lidar collection was a collaborative effort between two data acquisition firms. While Woolpert was responsible for collection of the majority of the county, the coastal portion of the data was collected by Quantum Geospatial and is detailed in the processing steps of the metadata. Lidar data is a remotely sensed high resolution elevation data collected by an airborne platform. The lidar sensor uses a combination of laser range finding, GPS positioning, and inertial measurement technologies. The lidar systems collect data point clouds that are used to produce highly detailed Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) of the earth's terrain, man-made structures, and vegetation. The task required the LiDAR data to be collected at a nominal pulse spacing (NPS) of 0.7 meters. The final products include classified LAS, four (4) foot pixel raster DEMs of the bare-earth surface in ERDAS IMG Format. Each LAS file contains lidar point information, which has been calibrated, controlled, and classified. Ground conditions: Water at normal levels; no unusual inundation; no snow. The bare earth DEMs along the coast may have a variance in the water heights due to temporal differences during the lidar data acquisition and will be represented in DEM as a seam-like anomaly. One coastal elevation was applied to entire project area. Due to differing acquisition dates and thus differing tide levels there will be areas in the DEM exhibiting what appears to be "digging" water features. Sometimes as much as approximately 2.5 feet. This was done to ensure that no coastal hydro feature was "floating" above ground surface. This coastal elevation will also affect connected river features wherein a sudden increase in flow will be observed in the DEM to accommodate the coastal elevation value. During Hydrologic breakline collection, Woolpert excluded obvious above-water piers or pier-like structures from the breakline placement. Some features extend beyond the apparent coastline and are constructed in a manner that can be considered an extension of the ground. These features were treated as ground during classification and subsequent hydrologic delineation. In all cases, professional practice was applied to delineate what appeared to be the coast based on data from multiple sources; Due to the many substructures and the complexity of the urban environment, interpolation and apparent "divots" (caused by tinning) may be evident in the surface of the bare earth DEM. In all cases, professional practice was applied to best represent the topography. The data received by the NOAA OCM are topographic data in LAS 1.2 format, classified as unclassified (1), ground (2), all noise (7), water (9), ignored ground (10), overlap unclassified (17), and overlap ground (18). Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) and breakline data are also available. The DEM data are available at: ftp://coast.noaa.gov/pub/DigitalCoast/lidar1_z/geoid18/data/4814/DEMs/ The breakline data are available at: ftp://coast.noaa.gov/pub/DigitalCoast/lidar1_z/geoid18/data/4814/breaklines Any conclusions drawn from the analysis of this information are not the responsibility of NOAA, the Office of Coastal Management (OCM)or its partners. Original contact information: Contact Org: Woolpert Phone: (937) 461-5660 This data set is an LAZ (compressed LAS) format file containing LIDAR point cloud data.
        purpose:  The lidar data were acquired and processed under the requirements identified in this task order. The data produced for this AOI is intended to support the local Coastal Zone Managers in their decision making processes. This data will be used for coastal management applications.
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) completed
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  (843) 740-1202
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave
                    city:  Charleston
                    administrativeArea:  SC
                    postalCode:  29405-2413
                    country: (missing)
                    electronicMailAddress:  coastal.info@noaa.gov
                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://coast.noaa.gov
                    protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                    name:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management Website
                    description:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management Home Page
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  (843) 740-1202
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave
                    city:  Charleston
                    administrativeArea:  SC
                    postalCode:  29405-2413
                    country: (missing)
                    electronicMailAddress:  coastal.info@noaa.gov
                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://coast.noaa.gov
                    protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                    name:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management Website
                    description:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management Home Page
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        resourceMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
            maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        graphicOverview:  (MD_BrowseGraphic)
            fileName: https://noaa-nos-coastal-lidar-pds.s3.amazonaws.com/laz/geoid18/4814/supplemental/sc2014_horry_m4814.kmz
            fileDescription:  This graphic shows the lidar footprint for the 2014 Horry County, South Carolina lidar project.
            fileType:  kmz
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > TOPOGRAPHY > TERRAIN ELEVATION > TOPOGRAPHICAL RELIEF MAPS
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > BATHYMETRY/SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY > SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > COASTAL ELEVATION
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
                date: (missing)
                edition:  12.3
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > SOUTH CAROLINA
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
                date: (missing)
                edition:  12.3
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  DOC/NOAA/NOS/OCM > Office of Coastal Management, National Ocean Service, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) dataCentre
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2017-04-24
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.5
                citedResponsibleParty:  GCMD Landing Page
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Lidar
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) project
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  InPort
                date: (inapplicable)
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Cite As: Office for Coastal Management, [Date of Access]: 2014 Horry County, South Carolina Lidar [Data Date Range], https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/48216.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_Constraints)
            useLimitation:  NOAA provides no warranty, nor accepts any liability occurring from any incomplete, incorrect, or misleading data, or from any incorrect, incomplete, or misleading use of the data. It is the responsibility of the user to determine whether or not the data is suitable for the intended purpose.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Access Constraints: None | Use Constraints: None, however, users should be aware that temporal changes may have occurred since this dataset was collected and that some parts of these data may no longer represent actual surface conditions. Users should not use these data for critical applications without a full awareness of its limitations. | Distribution Liability: Any conclusions drawn from the analysis of this information are not the responsibility of NOAA, the Office for Coastal Management or its partners.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_SecurityConstraints)
            classification:  (MD_ClassificationCode) unclassified
            classificationSystem: (missing)
            handlingDescription: (missing)
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  NOAA Data Management Plan (DMP)
                date: (unknown)
                identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                    authority:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NOAA/NMFS/EDM
                        date: (inapplicable)
                    code:  48216
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (inapplicable)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inportserve/waf/noaa/nos/ocm/dmp/pdf/48216.pdf
                            protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                            name:  NOAA Data Management Plan (DMP)
                            description:  NOAA Data Management Plan for this record on InPort.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (inapplicable)
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
        language:  eng; US
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) elevation
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -79.350005
                eastBoundLongitude:  -78.551698
                southBoundLatitude:  33.552285
                northBoundLatitude:  34.308899
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimeInstant:
                    description:   | Currentness: Ground Condition
                    timePosition:  2014-02-22
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimeInstant:
                    description:   | Currentness: Ground Condition
                    timePosition:  2014-02-23
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimeInstant:
                    description:   | Currentness: Ground Condition
                    timePosition:  2014-02-24
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimeInstant:
                    description:   | Currentness: Ground Condition
                    timePosition:  2014-02-25
        supplementalInformation:  The lidar report may be viewed at: https://noaa-nos-coastal-lidar-pds.s3.amazonaws.com/laz/geoid18/4814/supplemental/sc2014_horry_m4814_lidar_report.pdf The survey report may be viewed at: https://noaa-nos-coastal-lidar-pds.s3.amazonaws.com/laz/geoid18/4814/supplemental/sc2014_horry_m4814_survey_report.pdf
return to top
    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  (843) 740-1202
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave
                        city:  Charleston
                        administrativeArea:  SC
                        postalCode:  29405-2413
                        country: (missing)
                        electronicMailAddress:  coastal.info@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://coast.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                        name:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management Website
                        description:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management Home Page
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
        transferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://coast.noaa.gov/dataviewer/#/lidar/search/where:ID=4814
                protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                name:  Customized Download
                description:  Create custom data files by choosing data area, product type, map projection, file format, datum, etc.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
        transferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
            onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                linkage: https://noaa-nos-coastal-lidar-pds.s3.amazonaws.com/laz/geoid18/4814/index.html
                protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                name:  Bulk Download
                description:  Simple download of data files.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
return to top
    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Horizontal Positional Accuracy
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Compiled to meet 0.359 meters horizontal accuracy at 95 percent confidence level.; Quantitative Value: 0.359 meters, Test that produced the value: Lidar system specifications are available in the project report
            result: (missing)
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Vertical Positional Accuracy
            evaluationMethodDescription:  LAS data covering the NOAA Horry County Elevation Data and Imagery Task Order was compared to independent survey control points to determine the FVA of the Raw LAS Swath. Raw LAS Swath Fundamental Vertical Accuracy (FVA) Tested 0.121 meters fundamental vertical accuracy at a 95 percent confidence level, derived according to NSSDA, in open terrain using 0.061 meters (RMSEz) x 1.96000 as defined by the National Standards for Spatial Data Accuracy (NSSDA); assessed and reported using National Digital Elevation Program (NDEP)/ASPRS Guidelines. ; Quantitative Value: 0.121 meters, Test that produced the value: Raw LAS Swath Fundamental Vertical Accuracy (FVA) Tested 0.121 meters fundamental vertical accuracy at a 95 percent confidence level, derived according to NSSDA, in open terrain using (RMSEz) x 1.96000 as defined by the National Standards for Spatial Data Accuracy (NSSDA); assessed and reported using National Digital Elevation Program (NDEP)/ASPRS Guidelines and tested against all points against the TIN. RMSEz = 6.2 cm
            result: (missing)
        report:  (DQ_CompletenessCommission)
            nameOfMeasure:  Completeness Report
            evaluationMethodDescription:  The lidar data is visually inspected for completeness to ensure that are no void areas or missing data.
            result: (missing)
        report:  (DQ_ConceptualConsistency)
            nameOfMeasure:  Conceptual Consistency
            evaluationMethodDescription:  All formatted data cover the entire area specified for this project and are validated using a combination of commercial lidar processing software, GIS software, and proprietary programs to ensure proper formatting and loading prior to delivery.
            result: (missing)
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            statement: (missing)
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  Using one Leica ALS70 (lidar) system on board a Cessna 404 Titan fixed-wing aircraft, lidar data, at a nominal pulse spacing (NPS) of 0.7 meters, was collected for this task order (approximately 1092 square miles). AGL = 6500 feet - Aircraft Speed = 150 Knots, Field of View (Full) = 40 degrees, Pulse Rate = 272.0 kHz, Scan Rate = 42.3 Hz, with an average side lap of 28.7%. Multiple returns were recorded for each laser pulse along with an intensity value for each return. Five (5) missions were flown between February 22, 2014 and February 25, 2014. One (1) Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Base Station was used in support of the lidar data acquisition. Specific information regarding latitude, longitude, and ellipsoid height to the L1 phase center is included in the lidar processing report. Multiple returns were recorded for each laser pulse along with an intensity value for each return. The lidar data acquisition parameters for this mission are detailed in the lidar processing report for this task order. For all acquired lidar data as part of entire Horry County Elevation Data and Imagery task order, the geoid used to reduce satellite derived elevations to orthometric heights was GEOID12A. Data for the task order is referenced to the StatePlane Zone of South Carolina, North American Datum of 1983 (2011) International Feet, and NAVD88, in International Feet. Once the data acquisition and GPS processing phases are complete, the lidar data was processed immediately to verify the coverage had no voids. The GPS and IMU data was post processed using differential and Kalman filter algorithms to derive a best estimate of trajectory. The quality of the solution was verified to be consistent with the accuracy requirements of the project. The SBET was used to reduce the lidar slant range measurements to a raw reflective surface for each flight line. The coverage was classified to extract a bare earth digital elevation model (DEM) and separate last returns. The ALS70 calibration and system performance is verified on a periodic basis using Woolpert's calibration range. The calibration range consists of a large building and runway. The edges of the building and control points along the runway have been located using conventional survey methods. Inertial measurement unit (IMU) misalignment angles and horizontal accuracy are calculated by comparing the position of the building edges between opposing flight lines. The scanner scale factor and vertical accuracy is calculated through comparison of lidar data against control points along the runway. Field calibration is performed on all flight lines to refine the IMU misalignment angles. IMU misalignment angles are calculated from the relative displacement of features within the overlap region of adjacent (and opposing) flight lines. The raw lidar data is reduced using the refined misalignment angles.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2014-02-23T00:00:00
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  Using one Leica ALS50 (lidar) system on board a Cessna 208B fixed-wing aircraft, lidar data, at a nominal pulse spacing (NPS) of 0.3 meters, was collected for the coastal portion of the Horry County AOI. AGL = 1968 feet - Aircraft Speed = 110 Knots, Field of View (Full) = 40 degrees, Pulse Rate = 130.0 kHz, Scan Rate = 42.9 Hz, with an average side lap of 50%. Multiple returns were recorded for each laser pulse along with an intensity value for each return. The collection occurred on two dates: January 22, 2014 and January 26, 2014. The absolute accuracy of the coastal data set was tested by Quantum Geospatial prior to delivery to Woolpert for inclusion to the overall Horry County dataset yielding a result of 2.9 cm RMSEz. The coastal data set was assessed for data coverage, GPS and IMU quality, collection density, and calibration quality by Woolpert prior to merging with the Woolpert collected data for the remainder of the county. Final project accuracy statistical analysis was performed on the merged county and coastal dataset. For all acquired lidar data as part of entire Horry County Elevation Data and Imagery task order, the geoid used to reduce satellite derived elevations to orthometric heights was GEOID12A. Data for the task order is referenced to the State Plane Zone of South Carolina, North American Datum of 1983 (2011) International Feet, and NAVD88, in International Feet. Once the data acquisition and GPS processing phases are complete, the lidar data was processed immediately to verify the coverage had no voids. The GPS and IMU data was post processed using differential and Kalman filter algorithms to derive a best estimate of trajectory. The quality of the solution was verified to be consistent with the accuracy requirements of the project. The SBET was used to reduce the lidar slant range measurements to a raw reflective surface for each flight line. The coverage was classified to extract a bare earth digital elevation model (DEM) and separate last returns.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2014-02-23T00:00:00
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  Ground control and QAQC control point survey was performed by Woolpert surveyors, to support the NOAA Horry County Elevation Data and Imagery project. All surveys were performed in such a way as to achieve ground control that supports lidar data at 9.25 cm RMSE accuracy and satisfy a local network accuracy of 5 cm at a 95% confidence level. All ground control survey field activities took place from 03/18/2014 through 03/22/14. Woolpert collected control data for data processing as supplemental QAQC points. The supplemental QAQC points were collected to be used in independent accuracy testing. The survey was performed using one (1) Trimble Navigation R8 Model 3 GNSS dual frequency GPS receiver with Air Link Communications Raven CDMA cellular modem, one (1) Trimble Navigation R8 Model 2 receiver, one (1) Trimble Navigation R8 receiver, and one (1) Trimble Navigation R8 Model 3 GNSS dual frequency GPS receiver with Air Link Communications Raven CDMA cellular modem as a rover. Woolpert surveyors,utilizing Real-Time Kinematic GPS techniques, made observations on 27 ground control points and 21 quality control check points using 1-second epoch rates and observations of 60 to 180 seconds. Each station was occupied twice to insure necessary horizontal and vertical accuracies. All GPS ground control observations were processed using Trimble Navigation's Trimble Business Center. All horizontal GPS control was based on South Carolina State Plane Zone (3900), NAD83(2011) expressed in International Feet. The vertical datum used for this project was based on the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88), GEOID12A, also expressed in International Feet.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2014-03-19T00:00:00
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  The individual flight lines were inspected to ensure the systematic and residual errors have been identified and removed. Then, the flight lines were compared to adjacent flight lines for any mismatches to obtain a homogeneous coverage throughout the project area. The point cloud underwent a classification process to determine bare-earth points and non-ground points utilizing "first and only" as well as "last of many" lidar returns. This process determined Default (Class 1), Ground (Class 2), Noise (Class 7), Water (Class 9), Ignored Ground (Class 10), Overlap Default (Class 17) and Overlap Ground (Class 18). The bare-earth (Class 2 - Ground) lidar points underwent a manual QA/QC step to verify the quality of the DEM as well as a peer-based QC review. This included a review of the DEM surface to remove artifacts and ensure topographic quality. Classification of water (class 9) and ignored ground (class 10) was completed via the use of the hydrologic breaklines collected for the hydro-flattening phase. The overlap classes were determined by first identifying the overlapping areas and reclassifying the LAS data by offset from a corridor. This allows the returns located on the edge of the swath to be removed from the bare earth coverage in an effort to produce a more uniform data density. The returns determined to be overlap are then further classified to produce overlap default (class 17) and overlap ground (class 18). The surveyed ground control points are used to make vertical adjustments to the data set and to perform the accuracy checks and statistical analysis of the lidar dataset. Supervisory QC monitoring of work in progress and completed editing ensured consistency of classification character and adherence to project requirements across the entire project area. The resulting deliverables for this task order consist of classified LAS file in LAS 1.2 format, 4 feet pixel size DEM files in ERDAS IMG format, and Hydrologic Breakline, Flightline Vector, and Control Point data in ESRI Geodatabase format.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2014-02-23T00:00:00
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  The individual flight lines were inspected to ensure the systematic and residual errors have been identified and removed. Then, the flight lines were compared to adjacent flight lines for any mismatches to obtain a homogeneous coverage throughout the project area. The point cloud underwent a classification process to determine bare-earth points and non-ground points utilizing "first and only" as well as "last of many" lidar returns. This process determined Default (Class 1), Ground (Class 2), Noise (Class 7), Water (Class 9), Ignored Ground (Class 10), Overlap Default (Class 17) and Overlap Ground (Class 18). The bare-earth (Class 2 - Ground) lidar points underwent a manual QA/QC step to verify the quality of the DEM as well as a peer-based QC review. This included a review of the DEM surface to remove artifacts and ensure topographic quality. Classification of water (class 9) and ignored ground (class 10) was completed via the use of the hydrologic breaklines collected for the hydro-flattening phase. The overlap classes were determined by first identifying the overlapping areas and reclassifying the LAS data by offset from a corridor. This allows the returns located on the edge of the swath to be removed from the bare earth coverage in an effort to produce a more uniform data density. The returns determined to be overlap are then further classified to produce overlap default (class 17) and overlap ground (class 18). The surveyed ground control points are used to make vertical adjustments to the data set and to perform the accuracy checks and statistical analysis of the lidar dataset. Supervisory QC monitoring of work in progress and completed editing ensured consistency of classification character and adherence to project requirements across the entire project area. The hydrologic breaklines were produced according to USGSv1.0 specifications. The compilation procedure included use of lidar intensity, bare earth surface model, point cloud data, open source imagery in an effort to manually compile hydrologic features in a 2-d environment. Following the compilation phase, a separate process was used to adjust the breakline data to best match the water level at the time of the lidar collection. Any ponds and/or lakes were adjusted to be at or just below the bank and to be at a constant elevation. Any streams were adjusted to be at or just below the bank and to be monotonic. Manual QAQC and peer-based QC review was performed on all delineated data to ensure horizontal placement quality and on all adjusted data to ensure vertical placement quality. The final hydrologic breakline product was delivered in ESRI Geodatabase format and was also used in the processing of the DEM deliverable. The resulting deliverables for this task order consist of classified LAS file in LAS 1.2 format, 4 feet pixel size DEM files in ERDAS IMG format, and Hydrologic Breakline, Flightline Vector, and Control Point data in ESRI Geodatabase format.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2014-02-23T00:00:00
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  Tile Size: 5,000ft x 5,000ft. The tile file name was derived from the southwest corner of each tile. Project data extent was provided by NOAA and subsequently buffered by 1 kilometer and provided in shape file format. Project deliverables were clipped to the 1 kilometer data extent.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2014-02-23T00:00:00
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  The flightline vectors were generated by importing the Raw LAS strips into Geocue software. Bounding polygons are created around each individual swath. The polygons were exported to shapefile and a centerline was generated for each. Attribution was added to each flightline in the form of line number, date of acquisition, and start/stop times.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2014-02-26T00:00:00
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  The NOAA Office for Coastal Management (OCM) received 1488 files in las format from Woolpert. The files contained lidar elevation and intensity measurements. The data were in State Plane South Carolina FIPS 3900 NAD 1983 (2011) Intl Ft coordinates and North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (GEOID12A) Intl Ft heights. OCM performed the following processing for data storage and Digital Coast provisioning purposes: 1. LAS files were compressed to laz format using laszip. 2. Data were checked for elevation outliers and points with elevation values less than -5 feet and greater than 700 feet were dropped from the data set. 3. Data were converted from State Plane South Carolina FIPS 3900 NAD83(2011) coordinates to geographic coordinates 4. Data were converted from International feet elevations to meters. 5. The data were converted from North American Vertical Datum of 1988(GEOID12A) heights to ellipsoid heights using GEOID12A.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-02-04T00:00:00
            source:  (LI_Source)
                description:  Source Contribution: This data set is the project specified flightline vector data. | Type of Source Media: Vector dataset
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Flightline Vectors
                    date:  (CI_Date)
                        date:  2015-01-31
                        dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimeInstant:
                            timePosition:  2014-02-26
            source:  (LI_Source)
                description:  Source Contribution: This data set is the project specified hydrologic breakline deliverable. | Type of Source Media: 3-d breakline dataset
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Hydrologic breakline deliverable processing
                    date:  (CI_Date)
                        date:  2015-01-31
                        dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimeInstant:
                            timePosition:  2014-02-23
            source:  (LI_Source)
                description:  Source Contribution: This data set is the project specified acquired point cloud data. | Type of Source Media: Lidar dataset
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Lidar acquisition
                    date:  (CI_Date)
                        date:  2015-01-31
                        dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimeInstant:
                            timePosition:  2014-02-22
            source:  (LI_Source)
                description:  Source Contribution: This data set is the project specified acquired point cloud data. | Type of Source Media: Lidar dataset
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Lidar acquisition
                    date:  (CI_Date)
                        date:  2015-01-31
                        dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimeInstant:
                            timePosition:  2014-01-22
            source:  (LI_Source)
                description:  Source Contribution: This data set is the project specified lidar deliverables. | Type of Source Media: Lidar dataset
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Lidar deliverable processing
                    date:  (CI_Date)
                        date:  2015-01-31
                        dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimeInstant:
                            timePosition:  2014-02-23
            source:  (LI_Source)
                description:  Source Contribution: This data set is the project specified acquired ground control and QAQC control data. | Type of Source Media: Control dataset
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Survey Control Acquisition
                    date:  (CI_Date)
                        date:  2015-01-31
                        dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimeInstant:
                            timePosition:  2014-03-18
            source:  (LI_Source)
                description:  Source Contribution: This data set is the project specified tile index and data extent. | Type of Source Media: vector dataset
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  Tile index and data extent
                    date:  (CI_Date)
                        date:  2015-01-31
                        dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                sourceExtent:  (EX_Extent)
                    temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                        extent:
                          TimeInstant:
                            timePosition:  2014-02-23
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:   The vertical values in this data set have been converted to reference North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88) (GEOID18) meters, using the GEOID18 grids provided by the National Geodetic Survey. Any datum and projection transformations were then done with the Office for Coastal Management 'datum_shift' program. Compression to an LAZ file was done with the LAStools 'laszip' program and can be unzipped with the same free program (laszip.org) Processing notes:
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2022-04-01T06:21:56
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            electronicMailAddress:  coastal.info@noaa.gov
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor